Internal Audit is a department or an organization of people within a company that is tasked with providing unbiased, independent reviews of systems, business organizations, and processes. The role of Internal Audit is to provide senior leaders and governing bodies of an organization an objective source of information regarding the organization’s risks, control environment, operational effectiveness, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. As Internal Audit reports to senior leadership, it is only appropriate that its activities are directed by CEO or Board of Directors through its Audit Committee. Members of Internal Audit must be independent of internal politics and unbiased to provide leadership with objective source of information. Under the direction of Audit Committee, Internal Audit works with management to systematically review control activities over critical systems and processes.
A tax auditor is a professional who evaluates financial records to determine whether they comply with the applicable laws. All tax auditors apply the principles of accounting in the course of their duty. They work to check if companies, individuals, agencies and organizations comply with the federal, state and local tax laws. Tax auditors can either be internal, external or government auditors. Internal auditors are employed to conduct audits and perform other accounting functions within a company. They can help identify fraud, tax errors and mismanagement of funds. External auditors are impartial third-parties. They help their clients file tax forms and educate employees on tax advantages. Government auditors are employed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). They conduct random audits for companies, especially those suspected of tax evasion or fraud.
Audit under GST is the process of examination of records, returns and other documents maintained by a taxable person. The purpose is to verify the correctness of turnover declared, taxes paid, refund claimed and input tax credit availed, and to assess the compliance with the provisions of GST.Goods and Service tax or GST will be one tax to subsume all taxes. It will bring in the “One nation one tax” regime. To maintain a check and examine whether correct GST is being paid and the refund is claimed, certain taxable persons will be subject to audit under GST.
Statutory Audit is a type of audit which is mandated by a Law or a Statute to ensure the books of accounts presented to the regulators and public are true and fair. Statutory audit is mandatory if certain criteria are being met by the business. It is performed by qualified Chartered Accountant who is independent of the business. Statutory Audit is an audit which is prescribed by the different statute like Reserve Bank of India, Income Tax, Companies Act, etc. A Chartered Accountant need to conduct many audits as per the different statute requirement. Statutory Audit of banks is mandatory. Statutory Auditors are appointed by RBI in association with the ICAI. Every year after the end of the previous financial year, in every branch of the banks, a very rigorous audit is conducted.